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About UPSC / IAS


Knowledge is Power. Knowledge rules the world. Knowledge is something which none can steal, It is the strongest acquired skill of an individual. Anyone who strives the right way at right time with right guidance, masters the world. Here Understanding the importance of knowledge is what our team at Start Civil's Academy is working to provide the aspirants, The right information at the right time. This is the key to mechanics our knowledge and thread the path to success. We don’t bombard the aspirants with overloaded information which make things more complicated, because anything which is too much is too bad, which we strongly believe in .Our team is unique in the way that we are working to give you a smooth sail in this vast ocean by providing only what you need and what is sufficient.

UPSC prelims have become lot tougher and demanding. UPSC is unsettling the set pattern of preparation. Prelims was the proof with lot questions from Current affairs and less questions from conventional static part. But one cannot and in my humble opinion should not guess the paper rather than change his strategy and approach which in any kind of paper will help to clear the prelims.

So every aspirant has to be strong in both static part and current affairs part, and above all equal importance. so choose one book per subject and read it thoroughly, revise as much as possible, Read News papers + 1 year of current affairs and practise any prelims test you can get. One more important thing start writing, take it as a feedback mechanism and learning process, gently nudging you to the important topic which you know or dont know, you get a chance to learn and improve up on questions. Read selectively, revise,write, revise. India year book 2018 Economic survey


Laxmikanth is the only book you will ever need, read it at-least 2-3 times before prelims.

Economy Sri Ram Economy Xerox or Ramesh Singh economy. Read Economic survey 1st and 2nd chapters and chapters on HDI and Environment, for summary you can read Mrunal.


Focus more on Modern and Culture
Focus more on Modern and Culture
Bipan Chandra India struggle for Independence
or Modern India by Rajiv Ahir spectrum publication.
Nitin Shinghania for culture.
Tamilnadu class 11 (Ancient + Medieval India)


11th and 12th NCERT books and G. C. Leong A good atlas – Oxford Atlas Orient Blackswan Atlas

Class 8th, 9th, and 10th PHYSICS Chemistry Biology, Ncert Environment and Biodiversity: Shankar IAS academy notes and MoEF for laws and acts will cover every thing.

Arihanth CSAT guide is a good place to START.

Current Affairs
Hindu + Indian Express Vision IAS Material All India radio Spotlight analysis

Civil Services Prelims

UPSC Syllabus for Paper I – (200 marks) Duration: Two hours (Counted for the merit rank in the Prelims)

Current events of national and international importance.

History of India and Indian National Movement.

Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.

General Science.

UPSC Syllabus for Paper II- (200 marks) Duration: Two hours (Not counted for the merit rank in Prelims but a qualifying Paper; just needs 33% marks)


Interpersonal skills including communication skills.

Logical reasoning and analytical ability.

Decision-making and problem-solving.

General mental ability.

Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)

Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).

Civil Services Mains

Qualifying Papers – Not counted for final ranking
Paper - A – Indian Language – 300 Marks
One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.
This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.) 300 Marks.
Paper - B – English Language – 300 Marks
Qualifying in nature – Marks not counted – Passing mandatory (approx. 30%)
The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows –
Comprehension of given passages.
Precise Writing
Usage and Vocabulary
Short Essay
Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
Papers to be counted for merit ranking
Paper-I Essay – 250 Marks
To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice
Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
The choice of subjects will be given
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely
Credit will be given for effective and exact expression
Paper-II General Studies – I → 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world’s physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

Paper‐III General Studies –II → 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighborhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Paper‐IV General Studies –III → 250 Marks. (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. & Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper‐V General Studies – IV → 250 Marks. (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues

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